As it was expected the visit of PACE Chairman Luis Maria de Puichy to Armenia was followed by numerous lectures on democracy. Of course we don’t intend to contradict the regular guru of democracy, but nonetheless, we must introduce our observations regarding this topic.
Should we consider people’s opinion?
For a long time people mix up the notions such as “democracy”, “freedom”, “fair social structure” and other similar phenomena. That is why they forget that democracy can be unjust and non-liberal. Democracy can even contribute to the consolidation of the authoritarian power.
Moreover, even in the developed countries, especially in the United States the surplus of democracy leads the society to deadlock.
Let’s take one example: in 1960-ies 88 referendums have been hold in the USA on the level of the States and 378 – in 1990-ies. California is the most progressive in such “democratization” process. The authorities of the state are very sensitive towards the people’s direct opinion. 85% of the budget goes to funding the programs approved by the people. As a result the state faces financial crises.
We must take into account the fact that massive consciousness is very often illogical: people can very easily vote for two quite contradicting things – for instance tax-reduction and increase of social allocations.
Thus, we can draw the following conclusion that can arouse indignation among some people: when the authorities consider the people’s opinion they become unable to take strategic decisions, spontaneous problems dominate.
Democracy is a pleasure for the well-off
As we know democracy is a social tool, form of establishment of state power. Why did it appear in the West and why doesn’t it strike roots among poor societies.
Because in the West it attracted those layers of society that understood what benefits they could get from democracy: firstly – aristocrats who wanted to restrict the power of the king, citizens – dissatisfied of the power of aristocrats, craftsmen and tradesmen who wanted to have guarantees for private ownership, and finally the poor layer of society.
But if you want to establish democracy in the society with a very law level of democracy and not clear social structure, then you must ask yourselves, “Why are you doing that?” “Who will benefit from the results?”
By statistics in the countries, which have less than 3000 dollar’s individual income, democracy degenerates within 8-15 years and gradually turns into an authoritarian system.
Freedom More Important Than Democracy
There are certain things, which are not less important if not more important than democracy. Let’s take Singapore’s example. It is an absolutely free and meanwhile non-democratic society. In the beginning of 1960-ies, from the moment of the establishment of independent Singapore, there have been no elections in this country. The power belongs to the State Council, which elects a prime minister from its members.
Even so the West doesn’t try to establish democracy in Singapore, because there is no reason for that. Everything takes place by the system of a clock in this country.
By the way within 50 years, practically “economic miracles” have taken place only in the countries that are ruled by authoritarian political power, such as Taiwan, South Korea, Singapore, Chilly, China…
For Armenia, at present freedom is more important than democracy. Which means we must maintain human rights, create wonderful conditions for business, elaborate perfect legislation, etc.
By becoming well-off people will demand democracy. But at the moment the majority of our people feel sick by hearing the word “democracy”.